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ADHD

ADHD


Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(adhd) is a developmental disorder. It is characterised primarily by "the co-existence of attentional problems and hyperactivity, with each behaviour occuring infrequently alone" and symptoms starting before seven years of age.

 

 

WHAT ARE THE SIGNS & SYMPTOMS OF ADHD?

Inattention, hyperactivity & impulsivity are the key behaviors of adhd. The symptoms of adhd are especially to define because it is hard to draw the line at where normal levels of inattention, hyperactivity & impulsivity end & clinically significant levels requiring intervention begin.

Predominantly inattentive type symptoms may include:
  • Be easily distracted, miss details, forget things, & frequently switch from one activity to another.
  • Have difficulty maintaining focus on one tasks.
  • Become bored with a task after only a few minutes, unless doing something enjoyable.
  • Have difficulty focussing attention on organizing & completing or turning in homework assignments, often losing things (e.g -pencils, toys, assignments) needed to complete tasks or activities.
  • Not seem to listen when spoken to.
  • Daydream, become easily confused & move slowly.
  • Have difficulty processing information as quickly & accurately as others.
  • Struggle to follow instructions.
Predominantly hyperactive impulsive type symptoms may include:
  • Fidget & squirm in their seats.
  • Talk non stop.
  • Dash around, touching or playing with anything & every thing in sight.
  • Have trouble sitting still during dinner, school & story time.
  • Have difficulty doing quiet tasks or activities.
  • Be very impatient.
  • Blurt out inappropriate comments, slow their emotions without regard for consequences.
  • Have difficulty waiting their for things they want or waiting their turns in games.

COMORBID DISORDERS

  • Inattention & "hyperactive behavior aren't necessarily the only problems in child with ADHD.
  • ADHD exists alone in only 1/3 of the children diagnosed with it.
  • The combination of ADHD with other conditions can greatly complicate diagnosis & treatment. Many co-existing condition require other courses of treatment & should be diagnosed separately instead of being grouped in the ADHD diagnosis.
Some of the associated conditions are:
  • Oppositional defiant disorder.
  • Conduct disorder.
  • Temper tantrums.
  • Antisocial personality disorder.
  • Borderline personality disorder.
  • Vigilance.
  • Mood disorders.
  • Bipolar disorder.
  • Anxiety disorder.
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder.

HOW THE PHYSIOTHERAPY HELP THE CHILDREN WITH ADHD?

ADHD & MOTOR SKILLS COMPLICATIONS:
HOW TO REDUCE ANXIETY IN YOUR CHILD

For adults who suffer from anxiety, there is significant connection between this mental health complication & the poorly managed symptoms of attention deficit hyper activity disorder, ADHD.

If you are an adult with anxiety, & if you find that your child has symptoms of ADHD, it is important to treat those symptoms appropriately. Without treatment, your own child may grow to develop anxiety as well.

For children with ADHD there is a risk for complications associated with poor motor skills & this often manifests in what some parents refer to as a general clumsiness in their child.

Because ADHD plays a role in adversely affecting your child's gross & fine motor skills, it is not uncommon for your child to develop an anxiety complication they begin to recognize they are physically & functionally different from other children.

To avoid this risk in your child, it is important to take a two-step approach to treatment. First you will want to be sure that your child is adequately treated for symptoms of disorder & second, you will want to ensure that your child receive adequate. Physiotherapy with a combination of physiotherapy, to improve motor skills & use of medication, to control ADHD symptoms your child will gain a greater confidence in their functional ability. With this increase in confidence, the risk for developing an anxiety disorder will dissipate.

For many children, the complication of ADHD lead to variety of health complications, both in chilhood as well as in adulthood. While as a parent, you can't prevent every symptom of ADHD from arising, you can be prepared for the adverser complications & then seek out the necessary treatment to control those complications.