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Autism

Autism


Autism spectrum disorder (asd) & autism are both general terms for a group of complex disorders of brain development. These disorders are characterized in varying degrees, by difficulties in social interaction, verbal & nonverbal communication & repetitive behaviours. They include autistic disorder, rett syndrome, childhood dis-integrative disorder, pervasive developmental disorder -not otherwise specified (pdd-nos) & asperger syndrome.

ASD can be associated with intellectual disability, difficulties in motor co-ordination & attention & physical health issues such as sleep & gastrointestinal disturbances, some persons with ASD excel in visual skills, music, math & art. Autism appears to have its roots in very early brain development.

However the most obvious signs of autism & symptoms of autism tend to emerge between 2 & 3 years of age. Autism speaks continues to fund research on effective methods for earlier diagnosis as early intervention with proven behavioral therapies can improve outcomes. Increasing autism awareness is a a key aspect of this work & our families & volunteers play an invaluable role.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF AUTISM?

AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS(ASD) are characterized by social interaction difficulties, communication challenges and a tendency to engage in repetitive behaviors. However, symptoms& their severity vary widely across these three core areas.Take together, they may result in relatively mild challenges for someone on the high functioning end of the autism spectrum. For others, symptoms may be more severe as when repetitive behaviour s &lack of spoken language interfere with everyday life.

  • Social Communication Deficits
  • Repetitive Behaviours
  • Language Disability
  • Associated medical conditions
  • Genetic Disorders
  • Seizure Disorders
  • Sleep Dysfunction
  • Sensory processing problems
  • Pica (tendency to eat things that aren't food)

WHAT DOES A PHYSICAL THERAPIST DO FOR PEOPLE WITH AUTISM?

Physical therapists may work with very young children on basic motor skills such as sitting, rolling, standing & playing. they may also work with parents to teach them some techniques for helping their child build muscles strength, co-ordination & skills.

As children grow older, physical therapists are more likely to come to a child's preschool or school. There they may work on more sophisticated skills such as skipping, kicking throwing & catching.

In school setting, physical therapist may pull children out to work with them one-on-one or "push in" to typical school setting such as gym-class to support children in real life situations. It isn't unusual for a physical therapist to create groups including typical & autism-tic children to work on the social aspects of physical skills.These skills aren't only important for physical development, but also for social engagement in sports recess & general play.

Physical therapist may also work with special education teachers & aides, gym teachers & parents to provide tools for building social / physical skills.

HOW THE PHYSICAL THERAPY HELP THE CHILDREN SUFFERING FROM AUTISM?

WHY WOULD A PERSON WITH AUTISM NEED TO SEE A PHYSICAL THERAPIST?

Physical therapists may work with very young children on basic motor skills such as sitting, rolling, standing & playing. They may also work with parents to teach them some techniques for helping their child build muscles strength, co-ordination & skills.

As children grow older, physical therapists are more likely to come to a child's preschool or school. There they may work on more sophisticated skills such as skipping, kicking throwing & catching.

In school setting, physical therapist may pull children out to work with them one-on-one or "push in" to typical school setting such as gym-class to support children in real life situations. It isn't unusual for a physical therapist to create groups including typical & autism-tic children to work on the social aspects of physical skills. These skills aren't only important for physical development, but also for social engagement in sports recess & general play.

Physical therapist may also work with special education teachers & aides, gym teachers & parents to provide tools for building social / physical skills.