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Dyspraxia also known as developmental co-ordination disorder is impairment in the planning organisational & execution of movement due to poor processing of information in the brain which affects a child's ability to perform the normal range of physical activities expected for their age range. Dyspraxia has two elements including:

  • Ideational Dyspraxia difficulty planning the sequence of coordinated movements.
  • Idea motor dyspraxia difficulty carrying out the movement even though the sequence is known

It is thought that dyspraxia affects about 5-10% of the population & increasing numbers of children are being identified as having the condition - Early recognition of dyspraxia will enable children to reach their potential through early intervention


DYSPRAXIA can affect different areas of development, below is a list of common symptoms that may be apparent in children with dyspraxia. Speech & Language Skills.

  • Difficulty making sounds, sequencing sounds & forming words in sentences
  • Slower development of language
  • Problems with feeding, messy eating Fine Motor Skills
  • Difficulty developing hand writing skills (learning the basic patterns of movement, speed of writing & establishing correct pencil grip)
  • Difficulty with tasks requiring dexterity &fine co-ordination e.g-tying shoe laces, brushing teeth. Gross Motor Skills
  • Development of gross motor skills include the acquisition of major milestones such as walking running &jumping which may be affected in children with dyspraxia .
Problems May Include:
  • Slower acquisition of development milestones e.g- learning to sit, crawl walk
  • Poor balance & timing, tripping over easily
  • Poor co-ordination & sequencing of movements
  • Clumsiness & poor spatial awareness
  • Problems picking up simple objects
  • problems learning left from right
  • slower development of liberality i.e right or left handedness other symptoms
  • Poor short term memory
  • Poor concentration easily distracted
  • Difficulty following instructions
  • Poor ability to organised time
  • Increased likelihood of losing things
  • Sensory integration dysfunction leading to over sensitivity to stimuli such as light, sound touch temperature
  • Poor perception of distance difficulty crossing roads
  • High levels of motor activity difficulty sitting still
  • Limited creative & imaginative play
  • Isolation with peer group difficulty forming friendships
  • Slower completion of class work at school problem finishing tasks
  • Easily distressed & emotional increased irritability

Children with dyspraxia may have problems in other areas that are not caused by dyslexia and behavioral difficulties which vary greatly between children.