WHAT ARE THE EFFECTS OF JOINT PAIN?
Dyspraxia also known as developmental co-ordination disorder is impairment in the planning organisational & execution of movement due to poor processing of information in the brain which affects a child's ability to perform the normal range of physical activities expected for their age range. Dyspraxia has two elements including:
- Ideational Dyspraxia difficulty planning the sequence of coordinated movements.
- Idea motor dyspraxia difficulty carrying out the movement even though the sequence is known
It is thought that dyspraxia affects about 5-10% of the population & increasing numbers of children are being identified as having the condition - Early recognition of dyspraxia will enable children to reach their potential through early intervention
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF DYSPRAXIA?
DYSPRAXIA can affect different areas of development, below is a list of common symptoms that may be apparent in children with dyspraxia. Speech & Language Skills.
- Difficulty making sounds, sequencing sounds & forming words in sentences
- Slower development of language
- Problems with feeding, messy eating Fine Motor Skills
- Difficulty developing hand writing skills (learning the basic patterns of movement, speed of writing & establishing correct pencil grip)
- Difficulty with tasks requiring dexterity &fine co-ordination e.g-tying shoe laces, brushing teeth. Gross Motor Skills
- Development of gross motor skills include the acquisition of major milestones such as walking running &jumping which may be affected in children with dyspraxia .
Problems May Include:
- Slower acquisition of development milestones e.g- learning to sit, crawl walk
- Poor balance & timing, tripping over easily
- Poor co-ordination & sequencing of movements
- Clumsiness & poor spatial awareness
- Problems picking up simple objects
- problems learning left from right
- slower development of liberality i.e right or left handedness other symptoms
- Poor short term memory
- Poor concentration easily distracted
- Difficulty following instructions
- Poor ability to organised time
- Increased likelihood of losing things
- Sensory integration dysfunction leading to over sensitivity to stimuli such as light, sound touch temperature
- Poor perception of distance difficulty crossing roads
- High levels of motor activity difficulty sitting still
- Limited creative & imaginative play
- Isolation with peer group difficulty forming friendships
- Slower completion of class work at school problem finishing tasks
- Easily distressed & emotional increased irritability
Children with dyspraxia may have problems in other areas that are not caused by dyslexia and behavioral difficulties which vary greatly between children.