Muscular dystrophy refers to a group of inherited muscle disorders characterized by progressive muscle weakness. It is caused by a genetic abnormality which affects the muscle structure and function which over time leads to increasing disability.Although there are over one hundred types of muscular dystrophy the most common types that usually present in childhood are:- Duchenne muscular dystrophy affects mainly boys and is the most severe and common form of muscular dystrophy.symptoms are usually apparent by age three..,Becker muscular dystrophy:-milder and less common than duchenne"s . symptoms may not present until age ten or eleven.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY?
As there are many types of muscular dystrophies there is a wide variations in symptoms,however some of the likely symptoms are:- Progressive muscle weakness and wasting usually in the lower limbs first causing problems with standing,walking,climbing stairs and participating in sports etc., muscle cramps and spasm.,poor balance,frequent falls.,altered walking pattern., behavioral difficulties.,respiratory problems.
HOW CAN PHYSIOTHERAPY HELP FROM MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY
Physiotherapy for muscular dystrophy aims to maximise a person"s quality of life and independence for as long as possible and may include., exercise to maintain joint range of movement and soft tissue length.,strengthen exercise to maintain muscle strength for as long as possible.,Advice regarding appropriate mobility aids and equipment to maintain independence.,Anticipating and minimizing secondary complications that may occur.,Providing support with respiratory problems to maintain a clear chest., Referral to other health professionals such as occupational therapists if needed.